A brick is a building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Traditionally, the term brick referred to units composed of clay, but it is now used to denote any rectangular units laid in mortar. A brick can be composed of clay-bearing soil, sand and lime, or concrete materials. Bricks are produced in numerous classes, types, materials, and sizes which vary with region and time period, and are produced in bulk quantities. Two basic categories of bricks are fired and non-fired bricks.
Fired bricks are one of the longest-lasting and strongest building materials, sometimes referred to as artificial stone, and have been used since circa 5000 BC. Air-dried bricks, also known as mudbricks, have a history older than fired bricks, and have an additional ingredient of a mechanical binder such as straw.
Bricks are laid in courses and numerous patterns known as bonds, and may be laid in various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together to make a durable structure.
Porcelain is fired at higher temperatures than regular ceramic tile, so it’s more dense, less porous, and shows better wear characteristics. It is 30% stronger than granite and resistant to staining. It is also easy to clean, and offers superior wear resistance.